Instituto de Investigaciones y Experiencias Cinematográficas

(IIEC)
Escuela oficial de Cine (EOC)
   The Instituto de Investigaciones y Experiencias Cinematográficas was the first film school in Spain. After its demise as an independent institution, when its role was integrated into regular University studies, it was missed by a body of professionals who had been trained in the institution. It produced key personalities of Spanish film: directors like Luis G. Berlanga, Juan Antonio Bardem, Basilio Martín Patino, José Luis Borau, Carlos Saura, Julio Diamante, Mario Camus, Paul Naschy, Pilar Miró, and Iván Zulueta; cinematographers like José Luis Alcaine and Javier Aguirresarobe; and actors like Charo López and Mario Pardo, among many others.
   Inaugurated in 1947, the degree was awarded after a carefully structured three-year course, taught by a wide range of industry professionals, although, for a few years, the title did not grant member-ship to the film professional's union. This suggests a certain tension between the official film industry (studio personnel and commercial filmmakers) and the artistically minded and politically dissident students who attended the Institute. Even though funding and resources were extremely limited, alumnae were grateful for the opportunity to work with technical materials. It was also a meeting point for professionals, which soon became a hotbed of dissidence and non-conformism.
   Berlanga, Bardem, and the Salamanca conversations group of filmmakers critical of the Francisco Franco regime were early students. The first director of the institution was Victoriano López García, a liberal. When he was replaced in 1955 by the fascist censor José María Cano Lechuga, students protested, and Lechuga was in turn replaced by the also conservative but more open-minded director José Luis Sáenz de Heredia.
   In 1962, the IIEC became the Escuela Oficial de Cine (EOC), and it remained a training institution for film professionals until 1976. After film was introduced as a university subject in 1971, the government regarded the EOC as redundant. The decision to close it down was polemical. Students claimed the place was unique in combining practical and theoretical training (something that did not happen at university), and defended the specificity of the institution against the more compromised university curricula.
   Historical Dictionary of Spanish Cinema by Alberto Mira

Guide to cinema. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Instituto de Investigaciones y Experiencias Cinematográficas — (IIEC) Escuela oficial de Cine (EOC)    The Instituto de Investigaciones y Experiencias Cinematográficas was the first film school in Spain. After its demise as an independent institution, when its role was integrated into regular University… …   Historical dictionary of Spanish cinema

  • Jesús Franco — Nombre real Jesús Franco Manera Nacimiento 12 de mayo de 1936[cita requerida] …   Wikipedia Español

  • Luis García Berlanga — Nombre real Luis García Berlanga Martí Nacimiento 12 de junio de 1921 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pablo Ramírez — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Pablo Ramírez, en su estudio de Masnou (Barcelona, 1965) Pablo Ramírez (Linares, 1926 Jaén, 1966), portadista, ilustrador y escritor de cuentos infantiles. En 1949 se trasladó a Madrid para cursar estudios de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pablo Ramírez Díaz — Pablo Ramírez, en su estudio de Masnou (Barcelona, 1965). Pablo Ramírez Díaz (n. Linares; 1926 f. Jaén; 1966), portadista, ilustrador y escritor de cuentos infantiles. Firmaba sus trabajos como Pablo, o como Pablo Ramírez. Trayectoria En 1949 se… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Berlanga, Luis G. —     (1921 )    Among the key Spanish auteurs, Luis G. Berlanga s greatness as an artist and his place in Spanish cinema are the hardest to convey to foreign audiences. Some specialists have claimed his sense of humor is too Spanish, his world too …   Guide to cinema

  • Borau, José Luis — (1929 )    After finishing his law degree, Borau decided to pursue his real vocation and concentrate on film. He began as a critic and completed the directing course at the Instituto de Investigaciones y Experiencias Cinematográficas (IIEC). His… …   Guide to cinema

  • Berlanga, Luis G. —     (1921 )    Among the key Spanish auteurs, Luis G. Berlanga s greatness as an artist and his place in Spanish cinema are the hardest to convey to foreign audiences. Some specialists have claimed his sense of humor is too Spanish, his world too …   Historical dictionary of Spanish cinema

  • Borau, José Luis — (1929 )    After finishing his law degree, Borau decided to pursue his real vocation and concentrate on film. He began as a critic and completed the directing course at the Instituto de Investigaciones y Experiencias Cinematográficas (IIEC). His… …   Historical dictionary of Spanish cinema

  • José Monleón Bennácer — (Tabernes de la Valldigna, 1927) es un escritor y director de teatro de la Comunidad Valenciana, España. Estudió Derecho y dirección teatral en el Instituto de Investigaciones y Experiencias Cinematográficas de Madrid. Trabajó como crítico… …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.